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DETERMINANTS OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY OF WATER PROJECTS IN SLUM AREAS IN KENYA : A CASE OF KIAMBIU SLUM IN NAIROBI COUNTY

 

Eric Livanze Barasa

College of Human Resource and Development,

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

P. O. Box 62000, 00200 Nairobi, Kenya

Corresponding Author email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 

Dr. Allan Kihara

College of Human Resource and Development,

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

P. O. Box 62000, 00200 Nairobi, Kenya

 

CITATION: Barasa, E., L. & Kihara, A. (2018) Determinants Of Socio-Economic Sustainability Of Water Projects In Slum Areas In Kenya : A Case Of Kiambiu Slum In Nairobi County. International Journal of Arts and Entrepreneurship. Vol. 7 (2) pp 66 – 84.

ABSTRACT

 

Access to safe and sufficient water is essential for the sustenance of human wellbeing and is a basic human need. About 17 million Kenyans, 43% of the population, do not have access to safe drinking water. In Kenya, ineffectiveness of project planning and management approaches have been the main impediments in improving water accessibility in slum areas. Kiambiu slum is one of the many slums that are situated within the perimeters of Nairobi City. Kiambiu water project is a joint community and Maji Na Ufanisi project. Despite the various changes in the policies and structure of water service provision, the latest being the Water act of 2002, service delivery and sustainability has always been a major obstacle in achieving the various goals that have been set. The main objective of the study was to establish the determinants of socio-economic sustainability of water projects in slum areas in Kenya. The study was guided by the following research objectives, which included; finding out to what extent resource allocation, technical capacity, training and stakeholder participation contribute to socio-economic sustainability of water projects in slum areas in Nairobi County. The target population of the study comprised of 259 respondents namely; NGO project officers, CBO household representatives and Water agency representatives from Kiambiu slum. The study used regression model to examine the effects of factors affecting socio-economic sustainability of water projects in slum areas in Nairobi County. The findings of the study revealed that resource allocation and training have a positive but not significant effect on socio-economic sustainability of water projects. Technical capacity and stakeholder participation have a positive and significant effect on the socio-economic sustainability of water projects in Kiambiu slums. The study recommends that there is a need to improve the staff knowledge especially their skills on project management. There is also a need to allocate more material resources to the community and other service providers as well as the government institutions to manage and maintain the project infrastructure. Additionally, the study recommends that there is need to integrate technology to the water project and the involvement of experts in technical operations. There is also need for sufficient managerial staff and adoption of newer monitoring technologies. Moreover, the study recommends that there is need to involve the stakeholders in initiation, planning, implementation or running of projects. Lastly, the study recommends that stakeholders should be more involved in the in the creation of awareness about the water project as well as handover of project ownership.

 

Key Words: Resource allocation, Technical capacity, Training, Stakeholder participation, Socio-economic sustainability

 

 

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