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Carren Amondi Onyango

Entrepreneurship, Technology, Leadership and Management

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology


Dr. Dennis Juma

Entrepreneurship, Technology, Leadership and Management

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology


CITATION: Onyango, C. A., & Juma, D. (2017). Determinants of Management of Sustainability by Non Profit Organizations in Kenya: A Survey of Kemri/Cdc Funded Programs in Kisumu County. International Journal of Strategic Management. Vol. 6 (12) pp 1 – 43.



Sustainability implies that society must use the existing limited resources to continuously regenerate value addition. Due to the existing competitive forces within and without the industry more especially amongst the donor funded NPOs; Factually, only those institutions that have sound financial structures and stable income flows, competent management teams are able to fulfill their multiple missions and respond to the current challenges in an increasingly complex and global environment.

This study was anchored theoretically on resource based view, upper echelons theory and porters competitive theory on sustainability as well as dynamic capabilities theory. The study was a descriptive survey of KEMRI/CDC funded Programs in Kisumu County. The specific objectives were to determine the influence of competitive environment on management of sustainability of NPOs, influence of donor relationship on sustainability NPOs, to identify the competency level of staffs on the sustainability of NPOs and to identify the influence of resource mobilization on the management of sustainability of KEMRI/CDC funded programs within Kisumu County. The study had adopted descriptive survey design. The target populations of the study was 273 staff of drawn from the five disease related programs; HIV research program, Malaria research program, Tuberculosis program, international Emerging infections program and the neglected tropical diseases program. The sample size was 74 respondents calculated as 30% of the total population as supported by Mugenda and Mugenda (2003). The respondents were purposively sampled and they included principal investigators, program managers, finance officers, human resources manager and administrative officers KEMRI/CDC programs within Kisumu County. This was so because they are at the core of making decision affecting the programs sustainability. Questionnaires were used to collect primary data. A Pilot test was conducted at Nyanza reproductive health in Kisumu to ensure clarity of items there in as well as for validity purposes. Reliability test was ascertained by cronchbach’s alpha determination coefficient of 0.7. In which case managers were randomly selected to respond. The collected data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS version 16). The researcher performed both descriptive and inferential analyses. In the descriptive analysis, the researcher looked at frequency, percentages, mean and standard deviation for determinants of management of sustainability by NPOs. On inferential analysis, a multiple linear regression and Pearson correlation coefficient was used to assess the relationship between management of sustainability and the four proposed indedependent variables (competitive environment, donor relationship, employee competence and resource mobilization).

In the multiple regression model, only donor relationships and resource mobilization were found to significantly and positively influence management of sustainability while on a bivariate correlation matrix, management of sustainability was significantly and positively associated with the individual determinants (competitive environment, donor relationship, employee competence and resource mobilization)

The findings suggest that to improve on management of sustainability, local NGOs can broaden their scope of sustainability factors to include competitive environment, donor relationship, employee competence and resource mobilization

Secondly the researcher recommends that more study to be done on other extraneous factors like leadership and ethics that could affect the management of sustainability of local NGOs. In this study, only four factors were looked into: competitive environment, donor relationship, employee competence and resource mobilization and still only two factors were found to be statistically significant in determining management of sustainability of KEMRI/CDC programs.


Keywords: Sustainability, Non-Profit Organization, Resource Mobilization, Competence


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