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Solomon Muthemba Kiawa

(PhD Candidate)

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT)


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Dr. James Ngari

United States International University (USIU)-Africa, KENYA


Dr. Mary Kamaara

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT)



CITATION: Kiawa, S. M., Ngari, J., & Kamaara, M. (2019). Influence of Leadership as a Determinant of Collective Bargaining Agreement on Performance of State Corporations in Kenya. International Journal of Human Resource and Procurement. Vol. 8 (1) pp 47 – 57.




Collective bargaining agreements (CBA) are integral for any organizational growth and the country’s economic development. Industrial unrests have been known to create disturbances at the work place and sometimes affect the entire operations thereby suppressing or stopping productivity. The industrial actions seem unending since most of their solutions are temporary. CBA are known to be useful in minimizing or ending industrial unrests. The study adopted descriptive survey since it sought to ascertain respondent’s perceptions on the determinants of collective bargaining agreement in a structured manner. The target population of this study included all 187 state corporations in Kenya as of 27th April 2015. The unit of analysis was all the State Corporations in Kenya while the unit of observation was the Heads of Human Resources in each corporation. The study used a sample of 95 state corporations and collected primary data using a self-administered questionnaire. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics comprising of mean, standard deviations, frequency distribution, percentages, factor analysis, correlation analysis as well as regression analysis. The study established that leadership had a significant and positive influence on the performance of state corporations in Kenya. The study concluded that as a result of poor leadership styles, performance of the corporations was affected. The study recommended that firm leaders should embrace employee involvement and lead by example to promote employee performance.



Key Words: Leadership, Collective bargaining agreement, determinant, firm performance



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