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Kiawa Solomon Muthemba,

PhD Candidate

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT), Kenya


Dr. Mary Kamaara,

Department of Entrepreneurship and Procurement

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT), Kenya


Dr. James Ngari,

School of Business and Management

United States International University (USIU)-Africa, Kenya.


CITATION: Muthemba, K, S., Kamaara, M., & Ngari, J. (2019). Influence Of Employer Policies As A Determinant Of Collective Bargaining Agreement On Performance Of State Corporations In Kenya. International Journal of Human Resources and Procurement. Vol. 8 (1) pp 19 – 36.



Collective bargaining agreements (CBA) are integral for any organizational growth and the country’s economic development. High levels of unrest have been observed in state corporations such as public universities, Nairobi water, Kenya Broadcasting Corporation, Postal Corporation of Kenya, among others. Industrial unrests have been known to create disturbances at the work place and sometimes affect the entire operations thereby suppressing or stopping productivity. The industrial actions seem unending since most of their solutions are temporary. To bring normalcy and improve organizational performance, employees need to be engaged all the time in productive work thus this study sought to establish the determinants of collective bargaining agreement (CBA) on the performance of state corporations in Kenya. CBA are known to be useful in minimizing or ending industrial unrests. The study adopted descriptive survey since it sought to ascertain respondent’s perceptions on the determinants of collective bargaining agreement in a structured manner. The target population of this study included all 187 state corporations in Kenya as of 27th April 2015. The study used a sample of 95 state corporations and collected primary data using a self-administered questionnaire. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics comprising of mean, standard deviations, frequency distribution, percentages, factor analysis, correlation analysis as well as regression analysis, SPSS Version 24 was used. The study established that employer policies had a significant and positive influence on the performance of state corporations in Kenya. The study concluded that as a result of unfavourble employee relations with the management affected the employee productivity and so to the firm performance. The study recommended that firm leaders should embrace employee involvement and lead by example to promote employee performance.


Key Words: Employer Policies, Collective Bargaining Agreement, State Corporations



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