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Julius Ochieng Olayo

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT)


Dr. Alice N. Simiyu

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT)


Prof. Elegwa Mukulu

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT)


CITATION: Olayo, J., O., Simiyu, A., N., Mukulu, E. (2018). Effect Of Training And Development On The Performance Of Parastatals In Kenya. International Journals of Strategic Management. Vol. 7 (4) pp 85 – 97.



This study sought to examine the effect of training and development on the performance of parastatals in Kenya. The study adopted a descriptive survey design with both quantitative and qualitative approaches. A population of 9600 was targeted in 32 purely commercial parastatals in Kenya. A sample of 240 respondents was selected from 10 parastatals using cluster random sampling technique. Cluster sampling allows study of parastatals in the clusters as they are involved in different businesses. The respondents included CEOs, senior managers, supervisors and other staff in each of these parastatals. Primary data was obtained from the respondents through self-administered questionnaires and interviews. Questionnaires were administered through drop and pick later method. Interviews were conducted by use of an interview guide. Data was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics with the use of Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS version 23). Descriptive including mean scores, standard deviations, percentages and frequency distribution were computed to describe the characteristics of the variables of interest in the study. Inferential statistics like linear regression technique was used to establish the nature and magnitude of the relationships between the variables. The results were presented in tables and figures (graphs and pie charts). The findings indicated that the relationship between training and performance of parastatals was positive and statistically significant. Results indicated that the parastatals conducted extensive training programs for its employees in all aspects of quality; employees in each job normally went through training programs every year and training needs were identified through a formal performance appraisal mechanism. The study concludes that training and development strategies have a very significant contribution to make to organization success. Strategic human resource training and development plan plays a very big role in the achievement of the firm's strategic plan by providing employees with up to date expertise to meet present and future performance demands. The parastatals should also conduct strategic human resources management training programs including total quality management training programs. The training should be done to employees at all levels and should also expand to include training on other areas in readiness for other jobs in the future (succession planning).


Key Words: Training, Development, Career, Performance, Parastatals


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